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The scientific truth may be put quite briefly; eat moderately, having an ordinary mixed diet, and don’t worry.
Robert Hutchison, 1932
Immune Modulators and Chemical Messengers Summary
Cytokines or immune modulators are the chemical messengers of immune cells. Cytokines are composed of hormone-like lymphokines, which are soluble proteins released by activated T-cells, and monokines that are released by macrophages. To name some of the cytokines:
An imaginary ailment is worse than a disease.
Neuropeptides typically affect the neurons they targeted at lower concentrations than the usual neurotransmitters. Neuropeptides are short strings of amino acids having a great variety of effects. They can act as hormones, neurotransmitters, and neuromodulators. Some of the neuropeptides take action as neurotransmitters at some synapses and as neuromodulators at other synapses.
We do have chemical messengers in our system that the brain and the nervous and immune systems use to relay signals to each other.(1) These chemical messengers journey throughout the lymphatic system and blood to deliver their communiqués. These chemical couriers are:
The Stress Response
Anxiety, fear, and other powerful emotions can signal the sympathetic nervous division of the ANS to elicit the stress response. As a result blood flow to skeletal muscles is increased and endocrine gland activity is adjusted. (1) To repeat again, the only two pathways of the stress response are the HPA axis and the SAM axis. Once these routes are activated, a myriad of neuroendocrine changes are launched.
Be careful about reading health books. You may die of a misprint.
Our body is a machine for living. It is organized for that, it is its nature. Let life go on in it unhindered and let it defend itself, it will do more than if you paralyze it by encumbering it with remedies.
Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Axis
Yesterday we focused on the Sympathetic-Adrenal-Medullary axis, the brains direct pathway. Today we shall focus on the purpose of the indirect, the second mind-body communication pathway. The hypothalamus is the consolidation center of the ANS-